Ferry, Jules

   A premier of France, Jules-François-Camille Ferry, or Jules Ferry, as he is known, was born in Saint-Dié and began practicing law when he was 19. Extensive travel throughout Europe, however, led him to journalism. In various articles for Paris newspapers and in pamphlets, at first descriptive and anecdotal, he became increasingly political. Between 1868 and 1870, Ferry wrote a number of significant articles, including "Les Comptes fantastiques d'Haussmann," which sharply criticized napoléon ш and his imperial policies. when elected to the legislature, Ferry sat with the opposition in the last imperial chamber. Along with other republicans, he voiced his opposition in July 1870 to the war with Prussia. In the period after the franco-prussian war (1870-71), he became one of the leading figures among French republicans. In 1879, he entered the government as minister of education and, for the next six years, was almost continually in ministerial office. He served twice as premier: from September 1880 to November 1881, and from February 1883 to March 1885. His expansive colonial policy brought the opposition, especially of georges Clemenceau. Known for his educational reforms (free and secular primary and secondary schools, girls' secondary education), Ferry also was responsible for a broadening of civil liberties and for administrative reforms at the national and local levels. He also pursued an aggressive colonial policy (colonization of Madagascar, conquest of the lower Congo by pierre brazza, conquest of Tonkin, protectorate over Tunisia). Additionally, he served as prefect for the department of seine and as mayor of Paris, after the fall of the Empire (1870) and when the city was under siege (see commune, la).

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Ferry, Jules — ▪ French statesman born April 5, 1832, Saint Dié, France died March 17, 1893, Paris  French statesman of the early Third Republic, notable both for his anticlerical education policy and for his success in extending the French colonial empire.… …   Universalium

  • Ferry, Jules François Camille — (1832–1893)    French politician and colonial theorist who, during his two terms as prime minister, initiated major educational reforms and oversaw a significant expansion of the French overseas empire. After brief stints as a lawyer and a… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Ferry, Jules (-François-Camille) — (5 abr. 1832, Saint Dié, Francia–17 mar. 1893, París). Político francés. Ocupó diversos cargos a principios de la Tercera República, entre ellos, el de alcalde de París (1870) y el de primer ministro de Francia (1880–81, 1883–85). Su gobierno… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ferry, Jules (-François-Camille) — born April 5, 1832, Saint Dié, France died March 17, 1893, Paris French politician. He held a number of offices in the early Third Republic, including mayor of Paris (1870) and premier of France (1880–81, 1883–85). His government established free …   Universalium

  • FERRY, JULES FRANÇOIS CAMILLE —    a distinguished French statesman, born at Saint Dié, in the Vosges; called to the Paris bar in 1854, he speedily plunged into the politics of the time, and offered uncompromising opposition to the party of Louis Napoleon; as a member of the… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Jules Ferry — Jules François Ferry (* 5. April 1832 in Saint Dié des Vosges; † 17. März 1893 in Paris) war ein französischer Ministerpräsident und Minister in der Dritten Republik. Ferry war von Beruf Jurist und gehörte dem linken republikanischen Lager an. Er …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • FERRY (J.) — FERRY JULES (1832 1893) Avocat, opposant républicain à l’Empire, Jules Ferry est l’auteur du pamphlet publié par Le Temps en 1868, Les Comptes fantastiques d’Haussmann , où il attaque la gestion financière du célèbre préfet. Membre du Corps… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jules Francois Simon — Jules Simon Jules François Simon (* 31. Dezember 1814 in Lorient; † 8. Juni 1896 in Paris) war ein französischer Politiker und Philosoph. Simon entstammte einer Tuchhändlerfamilie. Er studierte an der École normale supérieure Philosophie, ab 1839 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jules (prenom) — Jules (prénom) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jules. Sommaire 1 Sens et origine du nom 2 Variantes 3 Jules …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ferry — Ferry, Jules, franz. Staatsmann, geb. 5. April 1832 zu St. Dié (Dep. Vogesen), 1854 Advokat in Paris, seit 1869 im Gesetzgebenden Körper, Mitglied der Opposition, nach dem 5. Sept. 1870 Mitglied der Regierung der Nationalverteidigung und Maire… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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